Tibetan Flag in 1934 National Geographic
A few days after the appearance of my essay “Freedom Wind, Freedom Song” on World Tibet Network News and Phayul, I received an email from an old friend, Tendar-la, formerly an ofﬁcial from the Department of Information and International Relations (DIIR), now at the Ofﬁce of Tibet, New York. He wrote to tell me that the DIIR had, some years ago, obtained a very old issue of the National Geographic magazine, which carried a reference to the Tibetan ﬂag. I managed to get a photocopy of the issue (volume lxvi, number 3, September 1934) and ﬂipped to the main article, “Flags of the World” by Gilbert Grosvenor and William J. Showalter. And there it was on page 383, the national ﬂag of Tibet, looking exactly as it does these days. It was between the ﬂags of Switzerland and Turkey. The description was straightforward: “Tibet: With its towering mountain of snow, before which stand two lions ﬁghting for a ﬂaming gem, the ﬂag of Tibet is one of the most distinctive of the East.” Most probably the National Geographic Society had obtained the Tibetan ﬂag from Tsarong Dasang Dadul, the Commander-in-chief of the modern Tibetan army and a member of the Geographic Society.
There was no particular mention that the Tibetan ﬂag was a new one or that Tibet was a new entry in their list. The editors had, in the case of some other countries, made qualiﬁcations where necessary. In the case of the German ﬂag the editors had been careful to mention that that the Swastika ﬂag of Nazi Germany had been adopted just a year earlier as the German national ﬂag by a special decree of the Chancellor, Adolf Hitler. A special reference was also made in the case of Manchukuo (or Manchutikuo): “The Kingdom of Manchutikuo came into being just in time to permit a ﬂag to ﬁnd its proper place in our plates.”
It should be mentioned that in the case of such entries as Cambodia and Annam, there were clear mentions in each case that these countries were the protectorates of France, or in the cases of Lebanon and Syria that they were under French mandate. Even the old ﬂag of Korea, (then Chosen) was grouped together with Japan, and mention made that the Japanese ﬂag had replaced this old Korean ﬂag. No such qualiﬁcations were made in the Tibetan case. I am not in any way citing these factoids to make Tibetan readers feel good, but to bring forward the observation that change is a condition of history. Going through the list and seeing the ﬂags of nations that don’t exist anymore, gave one the feeling of what the Japanese call mono no aware, melancholy at the realization of the ﬂeeting quality of human existence. Who even remembers a kingdom of Danzig, or even the state of Manchukuo, both of whose ﬂags the magazine carried? These nations are now “history” in the most terminal sense.
On the other hand the National Geographic did not carry the ﬂags of India, the Philippines, Israel, Ireland, Libya, Singapore, Indonesia, Burma, Nepal (Nepal’s present ﬂag was only adopted on 12 December 1962), Malaysia, Mongolia, Bhutan and many other present day nations. Even Australia and Canada do not rate separate entries as nations but are grouped together under the British Empire. The magazine listed seventy-seven independent countries in 1934. Right now we have 191 member states in the United Nations, and every so many years some new nation is inducted. Could Tibet be the 192nd or the 193rd or even the 200th free nation to join the United Nations?
My good friend Lhasang Tsering is an inspiring speaker, as those of you who have seen the documentary ﬁlm Cry of the Snow Lion will know. Now and then he ends his talks with this interesting observation. “Tibetans, as Buddhists, believe that all phenomenon, everything, is impermanent. Why should we have to believe that only China’s occupation of Tibet is permanent?” Why indeed?
World Tibet Network News, 4 September 2004